Appetite Suppressant Medications
When used in combination with our medical weight loss programs, FDA-approved weight loss medications can be helpful not only with increasing both speed and amount of weight loss, but also with reducing the sensation of hunger. Weight loss medications are not a substitute for a good diet and exercise program – they are designed to complement the behavioral program.
Which Weight Loss Medications Work Best?*
Phentermine, Tenuate (Diethylpropion)
These medications have the benefit of nearly 60 years of clinical experience (Phentermine was approved in 1959), low cost, and are very effective. We generally use them first-line for these reasons. They have a mild stimulant effect (not too unlike caffeine), so unless directed otherwise, take first thing in the morning. Side effects may include: dry mouth, constipation, elevation in heart rate or blood pressure, agitation and insomnia. Most side effects are minor and resolve as your body gets used to the new medication; however, if you experience severe side effects, please discontinue your medication immediately and let us know. We typically avoid this class of medications in people with pre-existing heart disease or uncontrolled high blood pressure.
We recommend avoiding other stimulants (caffeine, Sudafed) while taking appetite suppressant medication.
Contrave is a combination of 2 medications – bupropion and naltrexone. It works in two separate areas of the brain to control hunger and reduce cravings. Side effects may include suicidal thoughts and other neuro-psychiatric reactions, nausea, vomiting, headache, and insomnia. Most side effects are mild and go away quickly. It can’t be used if you are on narcotic pain medications. It also can’t be used if you have a history of seizure, or risk factors for seizure (including anorexia or bulimia, heavy alcohol use). It can interact with narcotic pain medications (such as oxycodone / hydrocodone / etc.) It is approved for chronic use for appropriate individuals.
Qsymia is a combination of 2 medications – phentermine and topiramate. The phentermine is at lower dose than what we typically use with the older forms of phentermine, and the topiramate is time-released. This gives very good appetite control – the phentermine through the first half of the day, then the topiramate during the second half of the day. Side effects can include numbness or tingling in the hands, arms, feet, or face (paraesthesia); dizziness; changes in the way foods taste or loss of taste (dysgeusia); trouble sleeping (insomnia); constipation; and dry mouth. This drug can cause birth defects if a woman becomes pregnant while taking it; therefore, if you are of childbearing potential, special counseling is needed to determine if this is a safe choice. It is approved for chronic use for appropriate individuals.
Saxenda is a once daily injectable medication approved for the treatment of obesity. It is a synthetic analog of a hormone your gut produces in response to meals that tells your brain you shouldn’t be hungry any more. The main side effect is nausea, but this generally goes away as your body gets used to the medication. The drug can’t be used if you have a history of or are at risk for medullary thyroid carcinoma or acute pancreatitis. The same molecule, liraglutide, has been available for the treatment of type two diabetes since 2010 (brand name Victoza); however, the dose used for weight control is significantly higher. It is approved for chronic use for appropriate individuals. If you are interested in Saxenda, contact your health insurance carrier to see if you have coverage. Or, check www.SaxendaCoverage.com.
Successful Life Long Weight Loss is Possible!
For many patients losing weight or maintaining weight loss, controlling the diet can be difficult. After weight loss, people often find themselves constantly dwelling on what they should and shouldn’t eat, and after trying to restrict calories all day, overeat at night. Weight loss medications like Phentermine and Tenuate can be very helpful to keep the dieter on track and in control.
*Weight Loss medications are not appropriate for all individuals and will be prescribed only if deemed an appropriate treatment option by our medical staff.